Snowboarding and Skiing
The term "skiing sport" combines sports disciplines that involve skiing and snowboarding. Among the types of skiing sport a part of disciplines is specialized and intended only for the competitions. However, there are many types of mass skiing sport available to each willing.
Since the main difference between snowboarding and skiing sports is purely in equipment and riding technology, the division on types of these disciplines is common. Thus, there are following types of riding:
Freeride is skiing or snowboarding outside the prepared tracks and ski infrastructure. Freeride is divided into separate subspecies. Light freeride is the most popular type, which involves climbing the mountain with the help of a ski lift and the subsequent descent down the intact slope outside the ski track. Backcountry (“remote location”) is traveling over the winter landscape on skis under human power rather than with the assistance of ski lifts or snow vehicles. Heli-ski (or heliboarding) is freeriding with a previous lift of skiers/snowboarders to the top of the mountains by helicopter.
Freestyle is going down a specially prepared track with the acrobatic jumps and tricks performance. Freestyle also includes a variety of disciplines, among which are halfpipe, big air, jibbing etc. Sometimes jibbing is distinguished as a separate style.
Jibbing is a riding style based on sliding along the edges of various objects of city architecture (railings, benches, parapets, etc.). The figures for jibbing are often specially made of metal, wood or plastic and placed in the terrain parks.
Carving is a riding style, which involves the technical performance of the carve turns on a specially prepared hard slope. The special equipment and a high level of training of an athlete are required for carving.
Freeride is one of the most exciting types of skiing. High speed, unexpected natural obstacles, a long thread of one’s own track on untouched snow - all these make the heart beat faster and adds some adrenaline. Impressions from a descent in untouched nature are very strong and bright. Therefore freeriding is a favorite type of skiing of many people. But this kind of skiing is also very dangerous. Among the main dangers of freeriding are avalanches, the danger to get lost in the mountains, the natural obstacles (rocks, trees, stones hidden under the snow, hidden beds of streams, etc.). Therefore the necessary requirements to the fans of freeriding are having experience, enough physical training, protective equipment and avalanche sensor. The first rides down the untouched slopes should be made with an experienced instructor. In addition, for riding in powder (a thick layer of loose snow) it is preferably to have a free ride board or fatter skis with the shifted center of gravity.
Freestyle will also give you unforgettable impressions and stimulate adrenaline, though this is a typically different style of skiing. The individual skills that determine the aesthetics of the performed tricks is very important in freestyle. To achieve success in freestyle skiing it is necessary to continuously train and improve one’s skills. The fans of freestyle meet in specially equipped terrain parks, where there is usually a variety of ski-jumps, rails, boxes and other figures. As tricks performance often ends with falling, it is demanded to have special protection, especially protective helmet. There are certain requirements to a board or skis as well. For better tricks performance it is advisable to have "soft" (more flexible) equipment. A board for freestyle should be chosen of a smaller length to make it easier to make turns while jumping from the ski-jumps.
Jibbing is a riding style, which is very popular with snowboarders. This style demands some snow, the minimum slope, skills and imagination, as anything in the city may be used for jibbing from walls to benches in the parks.
Carving is technically complicated and requires the lasting training. Snowboard for carving differs from the others because it is narrow, rigid, has a smooth, not rounded tail and no special binding. While making the carve turns correctly an athlete leans very close to the slope. However due to high speed and specificity of the board no slipping occurs and athlete can hold on the slope. This type of riding requires the special preparation of a track: a slope should be tough, without any irregularities, with an even snow cover.
Nowadays skiing is extremely popular in Ukraine. Most Ukrainians can’t imagine their winter vacation without a trip to the mountains. In addition, an age range of winter sports enthusiasts is really wide. It is possible to see kids that just learned to walk and elderly people who continue to live actively in the winter resorts of Ukraine. Skiing has been popular in our country since the Soviet era, whereas snowboarding appeared in Ukraine only in the mid 90's. At the beginning of development of the Ukrainian snowboarding young people with the boards were considered to be marginal, or kind of exotic. But today, snowboarding has become a mass sport in Ukraine that continues to gain popularity. The Ski Federation of Ukraine deals with organization of the competitions and popularization of this kind of sport. There is also the Snowboard Federation of Ukraine, a local affiliate of the World Federation of Snowboarding.